According to Wikipedia:
“Masculinity is male character.
The adjective “masculine” means “manly.” As such it describes more than male which can describe animals.
Cicero wrote that “a man’s chief quality is courage.”
Virile (from Latin vir, man) is a near-synonym for masculine.
The complement of masculinity is femininity: like husband is to wife, or food is to beverage.”
I found this while doing research for my final masters project and it made me giggle.
Especially the comparison to food and beverages…